Last Updated on August 27, 2024 by XAM CONTENT

Hello students, we are providing case study questions for class 9 maths. Case study questions are the new question format that is introduced in CBSE board. The resources for case study questions are very less. So, to help students we have created chapterwise case study questions for class 9 maths. In this article, you will find case study questions for CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter 8 Quadrilaterals. It is a part ofÂ Case Study Questions for CBSE Class 9 MathsÂ Series.

Chapter | Quadrilaterals |

Type of Questions | Case Study Questions |

Nature of Questions | Competency Based Questions |

Board | CBSE |

Class | 9 |

Subject | Maths |

Useful for | Class 9 Studying Students |

Answers provided | Yes |

Difficulty level | Mentioned |

Important Link | Class 9 Maths Chapterwise Case Study |

### Case Study Questions on Quadrilaterals

**Questions**

Due to frequent robberies in the colony during night. The secretary with the members together decides to attach more lights besides the street light set by municipality. There are poles on which lights are attached.

These 4 poles are connected to each other through wire and they form a quadrilateral. Light from pole BÂ focus light on mid-point GÂ of wire between pole CÂ and B, from pole CÂ focus light on mid-point FÂ of wire between pole CÂ and pole D. Similarly pole DÂ and pole AÂ focus light on the mid-point EÂ and HÂ respectively.

On the basis of the above information, solve the following questions:

Q 1. If BDÂ is the bisector of âˆ BÂ then prove that I is the mid-point of AC.

Q 2. Prove that quadrilateral EFGH is a parallelogram.

Q 3. Is it true that every parallelogram is a rectangle?

**Solutions**

1. In $\triangle \mathrm{BIA}$ and $\triangle \mathrm{BIC}$,

$$

\begin{aligned}

\angle \mathrm{ABI} & =\angle \mathrm{CBI}[\mathrm{BD} \text { is a bisector of angle } \mathrm{B}] \\

\mathrm{BI} & =\mathrm{BI}[\mathrm{COmmon}] \\

\angle \mathrm{BIA} & =\angle \mathrm{BIC}[\text { Each } 90] \\

\therefore \triangle \mathrm{BIA} & \cong \Delta \mathrm{BIC}[\mathrm{SAS} \text { congruence rule }] \\

\therefore \mathrm{Al} & =\mathrm{Cl}[\mathrm{CPCT}]

\end{aligned}

$$

It means $I$ is the mid-point of $A C$. Hence proved

2. Here, $H G=\frac{1}{2} A C$ [By mid-point theorem] and

$E F=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{AC}[$ By mid-point theorem $]$

$\mathrm{GH} \| \mathrm{EF}$ and $\mathrm{HG}=\mathrm{EF}$

If in a quadrilateral opposite side is parallel and equal then the quadrilateral is a parallelogram. So, quadrilateral EFGH is a parallelogram.

3. It is false, because every parallelogram is not a rectangle.

### Understanding Quadrilaterals

**Quadrilateral: **A closed figure formed by four line segments (with no three points collinear). In quadrilateral PQRS; PQ, QR, RS and SP are sides; âˆ P, âˆ Q, âˆ R and âˆ S are the four angles; PR and QS are diagonals; Pairs (PQ, QR), (QR, RS), (RS, SP) and (SP, PQ) are adjacent sides; Pairs (âˆ Q, âˆ S) and (âˆ P, âˆ R) are of opposite angles. The sum of the four angles of a quadrilateral is 360Â°.

**Parallelogram: **A quadrilateral in which both opposite pairs of sides are parallel, is said to be parallelogram. In figure, ABCD is a parallelogram with AB || CD and BC || AD.

**Properties of a Parallelogram**:

(i) Opposite sides are equal and parallel.

(ii) Opposite angles are equal.

(iii) Diagonals bisect each other.

(iv) Diagonals divided it into two congruent triangles.

(v) The sum of the adjacent angles of a parallelogram is 180Â°.

(vi) If a pair of opposite sides is parallel and equal, then it is a parallelogram.

**Mid-point Theorem: **The line segment joining the mid-points of any two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and is equal to half of it.

**Converse of Mid-point Theorem: **The line drawn through the mid-point of one side of a triangle, parallel to another side bisects the third side.

### Also check

- Heron’s Formula Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 10
- Circles Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 9
- Quadrilaterals Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 8
- Triangles Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 7
- Lines and Angles Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 6
- Introduction to Euclidâ€™s Geometry Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 5
- Linear Equations in Two Variables Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 4
- Coordinate Geometry Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 3
- PolynomialsÂ Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 2
- Number SystemsÂ Class 9 Case Study Questions Maths Chapter 1

### Topics from which case study questions may be asked

- Quadrilaterals
- Parallelograms
- Properties of a parallelogram
- Mid-point theorem
- Converse of Mid-point theorem

A trapezium is not a parallelogram (as only one pair of opposite sides is parallel in a trapezium and we require both pairs to be parallel in a parallelogram)

Case study questions from the above given topic may be asked.

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### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Quadrilaterals Case Study

#### Q1: What is a quadrilateral?

A1: A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides, four vertices, and four angles. The sum of the interior angles of any quadrilateral is always 360Â°.

#### Q2: What are the different types of quadrilaterals?

A2: Quadrilaterals can be classified into several types, including:**Parallelogram:** Opposite sides are parallel and equal in length.**Rectangle:** Opposite sides are parallel and equal in length, and all angles are 90Â°.**Square:** All sides are equal, and all angles are 90Â°.**Rhombus:** All sides are equal, but angles are not necessarily 90Â°.**Trapezium (Trapezoid):** Only one pair of opposite sides is parallel.**Kite:** Two pairs of adjacent sides are equal.

#### Q3: **What is the significance of the diagonals in a parallelogram?**

A3: In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other. This means that each diagonal divides the parallelogram into two congruent triangles.

#### Q4: **How do you prove that a quadrilateral is a parallelogram?**

A4: A quadrilateral can be proved to be a parallelogram if any one of the following conditions is met:

(i) Both pairs of opposite sides are equal.

(ii) Both pairs of opposite angles are equal.

(iii) The diagonals bisect each other.

(iv) One pair of opposite sides is both parallel and equal.

#### Q5: What is the property of the angles in a cyclic quadrilateral?

A5: In a cyclic quadrilateral (a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle), the sum of the opposite angles is 180Â°. This property is known as the *opposite angle theorem*.

#### Q6: How can you prove that a quadrilateral is a rhombus?

A6: A quadrilateral can be proved to be a rhombus if any of the following conditions are satisfied:

All four sides are equal.

The diagonals bisect each other at right angles.

The diagonals bisect the angles of the quadrilateral.

#### Q7: What is the difference between a parallelogram and a rhombus?

A7: While both parallelograms and rhombuses have opposite sides that are parallel and equal, a rhombus has all four sides equal in length. Additionally, in a rhombus, the diagonals intersect at right angles, while in a parallelogram, they do not necessarily intersect at right angles.

#### Q8: How is the mid-point theorem related to quadrilaterals?

A8: The mid-point theorem states that the line segment joining the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and is half its length. This theorem is often used in problems related to quadrilaterals, particularly in proving properties of parallelograms.

#### Q9: **Are there any online resources or tools available for practicing quadrilaterals case study questions?**

A9: We provide case study questions for CBSE Class 9 Maths on our website. Students can visit the website and practice sufficient case study questions and prepare for their exams. If you need more case study questions, then you can visit Physics Gurukul website. they are having a large collection of case study questions for all classes.